From today's featured article
The Army of Sambre and Meuse was one of the armies of the French Revolution. It was formed on 29 June 1794 by combining the Army of the Ardennes, the left wing of the Army of the Moselle and the right wing of the Army of the North. After an inconclusive campaign in 1795, the French planned a co-ordinated offensive in 1796 using Jean-Baptiste Jourdan's Army of Sambre and Meuse and the Army of the Rhine and Moselle, commanded by his superior, Jean Victor Moreau. This was successful, as the French won a series of victories; the Army of Sambre and Meuse maneuvered around northern Bavaria and Franconia, while the Army of the Rhine and Moselle operated in Bavaria. Disputes internal to the French forces prevented the two armies from uniting, giving the Austrians time to unite their own forces and drive Jourdan's forces away and eventually across the Rhine. On 29 September 1797, the Army of Sambre and Meuse merged with the Army of the Rhine and Moselle to become the Army of Germany. (Full article...)
Did you know ...
- ... that the Te'omim Cave (pictured) in Israel was home to a Bronze Age alabaster quarry, a refuge cave during the Jewish–Roman wars, and a possible center for necromantic activity in late antiquity?
- ... that the 1989 Serbian general election was the last one-party election in Serbia?
- ... that fans of Taylor Swift solved 33 million puzzles in less than a day to find out 1989 (Taylor's Version)'s "vault" tracks?
- ... that John Romita Sr. has been credited with introducing romance comic themes to Spider-Man comic books?
- ... that the Waitangiroto Nature Reserve is the only known nesting area for the eastern great egret in New Zealand?
- ... that Ben Brown was the seventh member of his family to play American football for the Ole Miss Rebels?
- ... that according to David Baddiel's book Jews Don't Count, antisemitism has become perceived as a "second-class racism"?
- ... that one reviewer described a TV station in St. Louis as appearing to be "not serious about the news"?
In the news
- The OSIRIS-REx spacecraft mission returns samples of asteroid Bennu to Earth (return capsule pictured).
- Tigst Assefa breaks the women's world record at the Berlin Marathon.
- The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland is accused of involvement in a cash-for-visa corruption scandal.
- The oldest known wooden structure, estimated to be at least 476,000 years old, predating Homo sapiens, is discovered at the Kalambo Falls.
On this day
- 1822 – In a letter to the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres in Paris, Jean-François Champollion announced his initial successes in deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs on the Rosetta Stone (pictured).
- 1851 – The British East India Company inaugurated the Horsburgh Lighthouse on the rocky outcrop of Pedra Branca, Singapore, which later became the subject of a territorial dispute.
- 1917 – The Broadhurst Theatre opened in New York City with a performance of Misalliance by George Bernard Shaw.
- 1975 – Two members of ETA political-military and three members of the Revolutionary Antifascist Patriotic Front, sentenced to death for murder, became the last people to be executed in Spain.
- 1983 – American software developer Richard Stallman announced plans for the Unix-like operating system GNU, the first free software developed by the GNU Project.
Today's featured picture
Kaohsiung is a city with special municipality status in southern Taiwan. Its origins date back to the early 17th century, when it was a small fishing village under various colonial rulers. It has since evolved into Taiwan's second-largest metropolis. Kaohsiung's urban landscape is characterized by a blend of historical and contemporary landmarks. The city is home to the 85 Sky Tower, one of Taiwan's tallest buildings, the Kaohsiung Confucius Temple, and the Port of Kaohsiung. This photograph, taken at night during the 2022 Taiwan Lantern Festival, shows the Kaohsiung Music Center with the Great Tiger Bridge over the Love River.
Photograph credit: Y.-C. Tsai