National Sorry Day
|National Sorry Day|
|Also called||Sorry Day|
|Significance||Commemoration of the Stolen Generations|
|Next time||26 May 2024|
|First time||26 May 1998|
National Sorry Day or the National Day of Healing is an event held annually in Australia on 26 May commemorating the Stolen Generations. It is part of the ongoing efforts towards reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
The first National Sorry Day was held on the first anniversary of the 1997 Bringing Them Home report. It examined the government practices and policies which led to the Stolen Generations and recommended support and reparations to the Indigenous population. In 2008, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd issued a formal apology for the mistreatment of Indigenous Australians on behalf of the federal government. National Sorry Day has also inspired many public acts of solidarity and support for reconciliation.
Protests have also been held on Sorry Day, with protestors arguing that Indigenous children have continued to be forcibly relocated under the child protection system and government systems have failed to adequately support them. Although there have been efforts implemented by state governments, a national reparation scheme has not been established.
National Sorry Day is an annual event in Australia on 26 May. It commemorates the "Stolen Generations" — the Aboriginal Australian and Torres Strait Islander children who were forcibly separated from their families in an attempt to assimilate them into white Australian culture during the 20th century.
"Bringing Them Home" and history of government reparations
The first National Sorry Day was held on 26 May 1998 by a coalition of Australian community groups. It marked one year after the 1997 Bringing Them Home report was tabled in Australian parliament. The report was the result of an inquiry into the government policies and practices which caused the Stolen Generations. Among its fifty-four recommendations were that funding be allocated for Indigenous healing services and that reparations should be made in the form of formal apologies.
Prime Minister John Howard refused to issue an apology, stating that he "did not subscribe to the black armband view of history". In 1999, he passed a Motion of Reconciliation expressing "deep and sincere regret that indigenous Australians suffered injustices under the practices of past generations", but his administration argued that "it was not responsible for the actions of past governments and that admissions of wrongdoing could open the door to compensation suits." His successor Kevin Rudd issued a formal apology in February 2008 on behalf of the federal government, becoming the first Prime Minister to do so in an official capacity.
However, many of the report's recommendations have not or only been partially implemented. Sorry Day protestors also argue that routine removal of children from Indigenous families continues under the auspices of child welfare, as Indigenous children are overrepresented in the child protection system and out-of-home care. The number of Indigenous children in out-of-home care rose from 9,070 in 2008 to about 18,900 in 2022. A national reparation scheme has not been established, although there has been monetary compensation in various states and territories. Writing for The Conversation, professor Bronwyn Carlson noted that many members of the Stolen Generations have died before being able to be compensated, and compensation is unable to be forwarded to their families. ABC News reported in 2023 that Indigenous Australians have faced abuse from the non-Indigenous community around the time of Sorry Day, questioning why they should apologise.
In 2005, the National Sorry Day Committee renamed the day the National Day of Healing, with the motion tabled in Parliament by Senator Aden Ridgeway. In his words: "the day will focus on the healing needed throughout Australian society if we are to achieve reconciliation".
Public reconciliation acts
The Bringing Them Home report has inspired many public acts of reconciliation. On 28 May 2000, more than 250,000 people, both Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, participated in a walk across Sydney Harbour Bridge organised by the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation to protest the lack of a government apology to Indigenous people, show solidarity and to raise public awareness. Members of the public also had a plane write "sorry" above the bridge the same day.
The Uluru Statement from the Heart was released on Sorry Day in 2017.
- Day of Mourning (Australia), 26 January 1938
- Harmony Day
- Mabo Day
- NAIDOC Week
- National Reconciliation Week
- Reconciliation Australia
- Reconciliation in Australia
- 1967 Australian referendum (Aboriginals)
- I Apologize campaign, a grassroots initiative in Turkey
- Native American Day
- ^ a b c Carlson, Bronwyn (26 May 2022). "National Sorry Day is a day to commemorate those taken. But 'sorry' is not enough – we need action". The Conversation. Retrieved 22 May 2023.
- ^ Torpey, John C. (2006). Making Whole What Has Been Smashed: On Reparations Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 4. ISBN 9780674019430.
- ^ a b c Latson, Jennifer (25 May 2015). "This Is Why Australia Has 'National Sorry Day'". Time. Retrieved 22 May 2023.
- ^ a b Wahlquist, Calla (25 May 2017). "Australia's stolen generations: a legacy of intergenerational pain and broken bonds". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 May 2023.
- ^ McKenna, Dr Mark (10 November 1997). "Different Perspectives on Black Armband History". Parliament of Australia Parliamentary Library. Retrieved 2 November 2006.
- ^ a b Burgess, Matthew; Rennie, Reko (13 February 2008). "Tears in Melbourne as PM delivers apology". The Age. Retrieved 13 February 2008."Thousands greet Stolen Generations apology". Australia: ABC News. 13 February 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2008."Cheers, tears as Rudd says 'sorry'". Australia: ABC News. 13 February 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- ^ Tan, Monica (26 May 2015). "Sorry Day protesters voice anger at 'continuing stolen generations'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 22 May 2023.
- ^ Evershed, Nick; Allam, Lorena (25 May 2018). "Indigenous children's removal on the rise 21 years after Bringing Them Home". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 22 May 2023.
- ^ Rose, Rebecca; Thompson, Emma (25 May 2023). "Today is National Sorry Day, but many Indigenous Australians say they're still asked: 'Why should I apologise?'". ABC News. Retrieved 26 May 2023.
- ^ a b "Australia marks 20-year anniversary of Sorry Day". SBS News. 26 May 2018. Archived from the original on 17 March 2020. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
- ^ "National Sorry Day". ABC Education. 15 December 2022. Retrieved 22 May 2023.
- ^ Bamford, Matt (27 May 2020). "'It almost didn't happen': 'Sorry' skywriters reveal true story behind lasting symbol of reconciliation". ABC News. Retrieved 22 May 2023.
- Briscoe, Luke (26 May 2015). "National Day of Healing: 'Sorry', empathy and the road to reconciliation". SBS News. Retrieved 23 May 2023.
- Aborigines Launch "Sorry" Day for Stolen Children, Reuters, 10 March 1998
- Sorry Day and the Stolen Generations
- Stolen Generations Alliance
- Stolen Generations Testimonies Project
- The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation
- Reconciliation Australia
- Kimberley Stolen Generation Aboriginal Corporation
- The National Apology – Snapshots of relevant webpages from 2008